Fieldwork in Barbados in 1997 was supported by National Geographic Society grant #5722-96, which is gratefully acknowledged. D.A.T.H. thanks the Carlsberg Foundation (Denmark) for financial support to continue fieldwork in the Caribbean region. Completion of this paper was facilitated by the support of the ‘European Community - Access to Research Infrastructure action of the Improving Human Potential Programme’ (COBICE) and the ‘European Commission’s (FP 6) Integrated Infrastructure Initiative programme SYNTHESYS (DK-TAF)’, which enabled S.K.D. to work in Copenhagen in May 2002 and February-March 2006, respectively. The late Mr. Hal L. Dixon and Dr. Eamon N. Doyle (both formerly of the University of the West Indies, Mona), Drs David J. Miller and Simon F. Mitchell (University of the West Indies, Mona), Mr. Roger W. Portell (University of Florida), Mr. Andy P. Currant (Natural History Museum, London), and Professor Ron K. Pickerill and Mr. Donovan J. Blissett (University of New Brunswick, Fredericton) all gave invaluable help in collecting Jamaican Pleistocene brachiopods. Similarly, Ms Ingrid M. Blackman (formerly University of the West Indies, Mona) is thanked for her help in the field in southeast Barbados. Dr. Rollin Bertram kindly gave permission to collect in the Arawak Cement Quarry and Maria Liljeroth helped with SEM work. Finally we thank Drs Norton Hiller (Canterbury Museum, Christchurch) and Sarah Long (The Natural History Museum, London) for their helpful review comments.